Cordoba is a city located near the geographical center of Argentina, in the foothills of the Sierras Chicas on the Suquia River, about 700 km (435 mi) northwest of Buenos Aires. It is the capital of Cordoba Province. Cordoba is the second-largest city in Argentina after the federal capital Buenos Aires, with about 1.3 million inhabitants according to the 2001 census.
The city was founded on 6 July 1573 by Jeronimo Luis de Cabrera, who named it after Cordoba, Spain. It was one of the first Spanish colonial capitals of the region that is now Argentina (the older city was Santiago del Estero, founded in 1553). The Universidad Nacional de Cordoba is the oldest university in Argentina. It was founded in 1613 by the Jesuit Order.
Cordoba has many historical monuments preserved from the times of Spanish colonialism, especially buildings of the Roman Catholic Church. The most recognizable is perhaps the Jesuit Block (Spanish: Manzana Jesuitica), declared in 2000 as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO which consists of a group of buildings dating from the 17th century, including the Montserrat School and the colonial university campus (today the historical museum of the Universidad Nacional de Cordoba, which since the early 20th century has been the second-largest in the country (after the University of Buenos Aires) in terms of the number of students, faculty, and academic programs.
As the location of the first university founded in the land that is now Argentina, Cordoba has earned the nickname La Docta (roughly translated, "The Learned one").
Transportation in Cordoba
The Cordoba public transport system includes buses, trolleybuses, taxis and remis. Long-distance buses reach most cities and towns throughout the country. Long-distance railway passenger service is provided by Ferrocentral twice weekly overnight to Buenos Aires Retiro Station and a twice weekly daytime service to Villa Maria which follows the same route. The Cordoba to Buenos Aires train has a dining car, Turista, Primera and Pullman coach class, as well as Camarote class in a sleeping car. Prices range from AR$27 for Turista to AR$240 for two people sharing a bedroom. It departs Cordoba on Wednesday at 9:13 pm and Saturday at 4:21 pm. The trip takes 15 hours and uses Hitachi made cars. The Cordoba to Villa Maria train uses ex Portuguese stainless steel coaches.
The Argentine government had projected to build a high-speed train between Buenos Aires-Rosario-Cordoba. Originally scheduled to be started in 2008, with its inauguration in 2010, it is still waiting for financing to be completed. It will eventually join Cordoba and Buenos Aires, with an intermediate stop in Rosario, in about 3 hours at speeds of up to 350 km/h.
The city is served by the nation's third largest airport Ingeniero Ambrosio L.V. Taravella International Airport.
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