Rosario is the largest city in the province of Santa Fe, Argentina. It is located 300 km (190 mi) northwest of Buenos Aires, on the western shore of the Parana River and has 1,159,004 residents as of the 2001 census [INDEC]. It is the third largest city in Argentina by its population with a growing and important metropolitan area. One of its main attractions includes the neoclassical architecture that has been retained over the centuries in hundreds of residences, houses and public buildings.
Rosario is the head city of the Rosario Department and is located at the heart of the most important industrial corridor in Argentina. The city is a major railroad terminal and the shipping center for northeastern Argentina. Ships reach the city via the Parana River, which allows the existence of a 34 feet (10 m) deep port. The Port of Rosario is subject to silting and must be dredged periodically. Exports include wheat, flour, hay, linseed and other vegetable oils, corn, sugar, lumber, meat, hides, and wool. Manufactures include flour, sugar, meat products, and other foodstuffs. The Rosario-Victoria Bridge, opened in 2004, spans the Parana River, connecting Rosario with the city of Victoria across the Parana Delta. Because it plays a critical role in agricultural commerce, the city finds itself at the center of a continuing debate over taxes levied on big-ticket agricultural goods such as soy.
Along with Parana, Rosario is one of the few Argentine cities that cannot point to a particular individual as its founder. The city's patron is the Virgin of the Rosary whose feast day is on October 7. The asteroid 14812 Rosario was named in its honour.?
Landmarks in Rosario
The National Flag Memorial in Rosario, Argentina, is a monumental complex built near the banks of the Parana River. It was inaugurated on June 20, 1957, the anniversary of the death of Manuel Belgrano, creator of the Argentine flag, who raised it for the first time in an island on the opposite shore of the river on February 27, 1812.
The complex has a total area of about 10,000 square metres, and was constructed using stone primarily sourced in the Andes, under the direction of architects Angel Guido and Alejandro Bustillo, and the sculptors Jos¨¦ Fioravanti, Alfredo Bigatti and Eduardo Barnes.
Planetarium: Loacated in park Urquiza, Rosario's Astronomic municipal Complex is one of the principal astronomic centers of the region.
The planetarium has a core team, together with its secondary elements, provide an artificial image of the sky, through projections made on a fixed hemispherical dome that functions as a display. The assembly is installed in the Room "Oscar Claudio Caprile", located in the heart of the magnificent building that is shaped like a comet. For its technical characteristics in terms of size, quality of sound and image and interior comfort, this room is considered among the best in the world. The building in the shape of comet forms a part of the complex that includes the "Prof. Victor Capolongo" observatory and the experimental science museum.
Municipal Astronomical Observatory "Prof. Victor Capolongo" was inaugurated on June 18, 1970 and named its first director. The Observatory meets outreach, teaching and research in the field of astronomy and related sciences and informs the public of phenomena that occur in the sky, as eclipses, planetary configurations, passages of comets, etc.
To that end, the Observatory has installed two telescopes. One refractor Coude of 150 mm. Of opening and 2250 mm of focal distance provided with Lyot's monochromatic filter for the solar observation and another reflector type Cassegrain of 300 mm. Of opening, constructed by the house Carl Zeiss. There are realized observations and astronomic photography of all the celestial visible objects in Rosario's sky, according to the epoch of the year and very specially the Sun, the Moon and the planets like Jupiter, Saturn, Mars and Venus.
Experimental science museum: It was inaugurated on September 24, 1987. It is the first that works in Argentina and differs from traditional museums iy has equipment and instruments that demonstrate the Laws of Nature, which can be used by the general public in an interactive way. Thus, visitors of all ages can be seen with telescopes and microscopes, experimenting with lasers, sound mixers, radios of various types, computers, solar cells, etc. To complement this, exhibit panels with photographs and explanatory texts of the Basic Science and Technology: Mathematics and Computer Science, Engineering, Physics, Astronomy, Astronautics, Geology, Chemistry and Biology. In addition, an important area is intended for periodic samples, such as "Space Age", Energy: renewable and rational use, From Sand to Glass, among others.
The museum staff was achieved through contributions from the Ministry of Science and Technology Office, the Municipality of Rosario and the contribution made by institutions and individuals. The Museum audiovisual projections made in the Video Sector Science and has an area called "CIENCIANI?O" for children 4 to 10 years. The Museum works in the evening similar to the Planetarium. Educational institutions at all levels are treated in previous days shift assignment.
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