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Venice Grand Canal

Venice Grand Canal

Venice Grand Canal

The Grand Canal (Italian: Canal Grande, Venetian: Canatasso) is a canal in Venice, Italy. It forms one of the major water-traffic corridors in the city. Public transport is provided by water buses (Italian: vaporetti) and private water taxis, and many tourists explore the canal by gondola.

At one end the canal leads into the lagoon near Santa Lucia railway station and the other end leads into Saint Mark Basin: in between it makes a large S-shape through the central districts (sestieri) of Venice. It is 3,800 m long, 30¨C90 m wide, with an average depth of five meters (16.5 ft).

The banks of the Grand Canal are lined with more than 170 buildings, most of which date to 13th to the 18th century and demonstrate the welfare and art created by the Republic of Venice. The noble Venetian families faced huge expenses to show off their richness in suitable palazzos: this contest reveals the citizens'pride and the deep bond with the lagoon. Amongst the many are the Palazzi Barbaro, Ca' Rezzonico, Ca' d'Oro, Palazzo Dario, Ca' Foscari, Palazzo Barbarigo and to Palazzo Venier dei Leoni, housing the Peggy Guggenheim Collection. The churches along the canal include the basilica of Santa Maria della Salute. Centuries-old traditions such as the Historical Regatta are perpetuated every year along the Canal.

Venice Grand Canal

Venice Grand Canal

Because most of the city's traffic goes along the Canal rather than across it, only one bridge crossed the canal until the 19th century, the Rialto Bridge. There are currently two more bridges, the Ponte degli Scalzi and the Ponte dell'Accademia. A fourth, controversial bridge (Ponte della Costituzione) designed by Santiago Calatrava was recently erected, connecting the train station to the vehicle-open area of Piazzale Roma. As was usual in the past, people can still take a ferry ride across the canal at several points by standing up on the deck of a simple gondola called traghetto.

Most of the palaces emerge from water without pavement. Consequently, one can only tour past the fronts of the buildings on the grand canal by boat.


Right Side Left Side
Ponte della Liberta
Santa Chiara ex-monastery (Police Headquarter) Railway area
Canale di Santa Chiara
Ponte della Costituzione
Piazzale Roma vaporetto station Railway Department old seat
Rio Novo
Papadopoli Gardens
Rio della Croce
Palazzo Emo Diedo (Tirali, 17th century) Santa Lucia Station
Wool-cloth Weavers Guildhall
San Simeone Piccolo(18th century)
Palazzo Adoldo
Palazzo Foscari-Contarini Santa Maria di Nazareth or Chiesa degli Scalzi
Ponte degli Scalzi
Rio Marin Ferrovia vaporetto station
Campo San Simeon Grande Palazzo Calbo Crotta
  Rio Tera' dei Sabbioni
Palazzo Gritti Palazzo Flangini Giuseppe Sardi, 16th century)
Palazzo Corner Scuola dei Morti praying at funerals)
Palazzo Dona Balbi San Geremia (18th century)
Palazzo Zen Palazzo Labia (17th century, frescoes by Giambattista Tiepolo)
Riva di Biasio vaporetto station Canale di Cannaregio
Palazzo Marcello Toderini Palazzo Emo
  Palazzo Querini
Rio di San Zan Degola Palazzo Correr Contarini Zorzi
Palazzo Giovanelli Palazzo Gritti
Casa Correr San Marcuola (18th century, unfinished)
Traghetto Museo Traghetto San Marcuola
Fondaco dei Turchi (Venetian-Byzantine, Venetian Museum of Natural History) San Marcuola vaporetto station
Rio del Fondaco dei Turchi Rio di San Marcuola
Fondaco del Megio Ca' Vendramin Calergi (Mauro Codussi,Renaissance, 15th-16th century; Wagner died here; Casino winter seat)
Palazzo Belloni Battagia (Baldassare Longhena, Baroque, 17th century)
Rio di Ca' Tron
Ca' Tron (16th century,IUAV) Palazzo Marcello (Benedetto Marcello was born here)
Palazzo Duodo Palazzo Erizzo
Palazzo Priuli Bon Palazzo Soranzo Piovene
San Stae vaporetto station Palazzo Emo at Maddalena
San Stae(18th century) Palazzo Molin Querini
Gold Craftsmen Guildhall Rio della Maddalena
Rio della Rioda Palazzo and Palazzetto Barbarigo
Palazzo Coccina Giunti Foscarini Giovannelli
Rio della Pergola Palazzo Gussoni Grimani Della Vida
Ca' Pesaro (Longhena, Baroque, 17th century, Museum of Modern Art) Rio di Noale
Rio di Ca' Pesaro (or delle Due Torri) Palazzetto da Lezze
Palazzo Dona Palazzo Bold¨´
Palazzo Correggio Palazzo Contarini Pisani
Ca' Corner della Regina (18th century;Caterina Cornaro was born in a previous palazzo on the same area)
Ca' Favretto (Giacomo Favretto lived here) Rio di San Felice
Rio di San Cassiano Palazzo Fontana Rezzonico (Pope Clement XIII was born here)
Palazzo Morosini Brandolin Palazzo Giusti
Fondamenta dell'Olio Ca' d'Oro (Gothic, 15th century, Galleria Franchetti)
Ca' d'Oro vaporetto station
Palazzo della Pretura Palazzo Giustinian Pesaro
Rio delle Beccarie Ca' Sagredo
Pescaria (Gothic Revival, 20th century) Campo Santa Sofia
Traghetto Pescaria Traghetto Santa Sofia
Campo della Pescaria Palazzetto Foscari
Palazzo Michiel dalle Colonne
Fabbriche Nuove (Sansovino, 16th century) Palazzo Michiel del Brus¨¤
Palazzo Smith Mangilli Valmarana
Rio dei Santi Apostoli
Ca' da Mosto (Venetian-Byzantine, 13th century)
Palazzo Bollani Erizzo (Pietro Aretino lived here)
Rio di San Giovanni Crisostomo
Fabbriche Vecchie (Scarpagnino, 16th century) Campiello del Remer
Palazzo Civran
Palazzo Ruzzini
Rio del Fontego dei Tedeschi
Palazzo dei Camerlenghi (Renaissance, 16th century) Fondaco dei Tedeschi(16th century,Poste italiane seat in Venice)
Rialto Bridge
Palazzo dei Dieci Savi (Scarpagnino, 16th century) Riva del Ferro
Fondamenta del Vin Rialto vaporetto station
Palazzo Dolfin Manin (Sansovino, Renaissance, 16th century, Banca d'Italia Venice seat)
Rio di San Salvador
Palazzo Bembo (Gothic, 15th century; Pietro Bembo was born here)
Traghetto Rialto
Traghetto San Silvestro Ca' Loredan (Venetian-Byzantine, 13th century, Municipal seat)
Casa Rav¨¤ (Gothic Revival, 20th century) Ca' Farsetti (Venetian-Byzantine, 12th-13th century, Municipal seat)
San Silvestro vaporetto station Palazzo Cavalli
Palazzo Barzizza (Renaissance, 16th century, Appellate court)
Palazzo Giustinian Businello
Rio dei Meloni Rio di San Luca
Palazzo Papadopoli Palazzo Corner Contarini dei Cavalli
Palazzo Tron
Palazzo Dona Palazzo D'Anna Viaro Martinengo Volpi di Misurata
Palazzo Dona della Madoneta
Rio della Madoneta Palazzo Querini Benzon
Palazzo Bernardo (Gothic, 15th century) Rio di Ca' Michiel
Palazzo Querini Dubois Palazzo Curti Valmarana
Palazzo Grimani Marcello Palazzo Corner Spinelli(Codussi, Renaissance, 15th century)
Ca' Cappello Sant'Angelo vaporetto station
Rio di San Polo Casa Barocci
Palazzo Barbarigo della Terrazza (16th century) Rio di Ca' Garzoni
Palazzo Pisani Moretta (Gothic, 15th century) Palazzo Garzoni
Palazzo Tiepolo Traghetto Garzoni
Palazzo Tiepolo Passi Fondaco Marcello
Palazzo Giustinian Persico Palazzo Corner Gheltoff
Rio di San Tom¨¤ Palazzi Mocenigo(16th-17th century;Giordano Bruno, Thomas Moore and Lord Byron stayed here)
Traghetto San Tom¨¤
Palazzo Marcello dei Leoni
Palazzo Dolfin
San Tom¨¤/Frari vaporetto station
Palazzo Dandolo
Palazzo Civran Grimani
Rio della Frescada Palazzo Contarini delle Figure (Andrea Palladio stayed here)
Palazzo Caotorta-Angaran
Palazzo Balbi (Vittoria, Renaissance with Baroque elements, 16th century; Government of Veneto seat) Palazzo Erizzo Nani Mocenigo
Rio di Ca' Foscari
Ca' Foscari (Gothic, 15th century;University of Venice main seat) Palazzo Da Lezze
Palazzi Giustinian (Gothic, 15th century; Richard Wagner stayed here) Palazzo Moro-Lin
Ca' Bernardo
Palazzo Bernardo Nani Palazzo Grassi (Massari,Neoclassical, 18th century)
Ca' Rezzonico(Longhena, Massari; 17th-18th century; Museum of 18th century-Century Culture)
Rio di San Barnaba San Samuele
Palazzo Contarini Michiel San Samuele vaporetto station
Ca' Rezzonico vaporetto station Casa Francheschinis (20th century)
Traghetto San Barnaba Traghetto San Samuele
Palazzetto Stern Palazzo Malipiero
Rio Malpaga
Palazzo Moro ("Otello's house")
Palazzo Loredan dell'Ambasciatore (Gothic, 15th century)
Casa Mainella
Rio di San Trovaso
Palazzi Contarini degli Scrigni and Corfu Ca' del Duca
Rio del Duca
Palazzo Falier
Palazzo Mocenigo Gambara Palazzo Giustinian Lolin (Longhena, 17th century)
Palazzo Querini
Scuola Grande di Santa Maria della Carita (Massari, 18th century;Gallerie dell'Accademia) Palazzo Civran Badoer Barozzi
Accademia vaporetto station Rio di San Vidal
Santa Maria della Carita (Gothic, 15th century; deconsecrated, now part of Gallerie dell'Accademia museum) Campo San Vidal
Ponte dell'Accademia
Palazzo Brandolin Rota (Toti dal Monte owned it) Palazzo Cavalli-Franchetti(Gothic, 15th century; Istituto Veneto di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti)
Palazzo Contarini Dal Zaffo (Gothic and Renaissance elements, 15th century)
Palazzo Balbi Valier Palazzi Barbaro
Palazzo Loredan (Cini Foundation) Palazzo Benzon Foscolo
Rio di San Vio Palazzetto Pisani
Campo San Vio Rio del Santissimo
Palazzo Barbarigo (modern mosaics) Palazzo Succi
Palazzo Da Mula Casa Stecchini
Palazzo Centani Morosini
Ca' Biondetti (Rosalba Carriera lived here) Casina delle Rose (Antonio Canova and Gabriele D'Annunzio worked here)
Palazzo Venier dei Leoni (Peggy Guggenheim Collection) Palazzo Corner della Ca' Granda(Sansovino, Renaissance, 16th century; Province of Venice and Prefect seat)
Rio delle Torreselle Rio di San Maurizio (Venice)
Palazzo Dario (Renaissance, 15th century) Palazzo Minotto
Palazzo Barbaro Wolkoff (Eleonora Duse lived here) Palazzo Barbarigo
Rio della Fornace Rio di Santa Maria Zobenigo
Palazzo Salviati Santa Maria del Giglio vaporetto station
Palazzo Orio Semitecolo Benzon Palazzo Venier Contarini
Traghetto S.Gregorio Traghetto S.Maria del Giglio
Casa Santomaso Palazzo Pisani Gritti
Palazzo Genovese (Gothic Revival, 19th century) Rio delle Ostreghe
San Gregorio ex-abbey Palazzo Ferro Fini(Regional Council of Veneto)
Rio della Salute
Salute vaporetto station Palazzo Contarini Fasan(Gothic , 15th century; "Desdemona's house")
Basilica di Santa Maria della Salute(Longhena, Baroque, 17th century) Palazzo Contarini
Palazzo Michiel Alvisi
Patriarchal Seminary Palazzo Badoer Tiepolo
Punta della Dogana Palazzo Treves de Bonfili
Rio di San Mois¨¨
Hotel Bauer (Gothic Revival, 19th century)
Ca' Giustinian (Gothic, 15th century; municipal, Venice Biennale offices)
  Palazzo Vallaresso Erizzo
  Harry's Bar
  San Marco/Vallaresso vaporetto station
  Fonteghetto della Farina (Renaissance, 15th century)
  Venice Pavilion

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