Air: Major air hubs in Saudi Arabia include Riyadh King Khaled International Airport and King Fahd International Airport.
Riyadh King Khaled International Airport is the country's chief air gateway and is a busy facility serving over nine million passengers per year. King Khaled airport is the world's second biggest airport in terms of ground area and covers a massive 225 km2.
The airport is located 35km outside of the city and operates three passenger terminals which are connected with one another via moving sidewalks or travellators as they are otherwise known. Facilities at the airport are excellent and include two banks that are open 24 hours a day, ATMs, bureaux de change and a post office as well as extensive shopping and dining facilities. A mosque capable of accommodating 5,000 worshippers is also available and is located in the centre of the passenger terminal.
The airport has no public transportation options for those requiring ground transfers; however taxis operating metered services are readily available from outside of the airport. Car hire is also available from a total of 10 different companies while courtesy pick-ups are provided by many reputable hotels in Riyadh King Fahd International Airport is the world's largest airport in terms of ground mass covering a whopping 780 km2. The airport provides a gateway into the Damman region of the country which incorporates the cities of Dammam, Dhahran and Khobar.
The airport operates a six storey building with three of those storeys dedicated to passenger processing. A comprehensive selection of passenger facilities are on hand which include a bank and ATMs, ample dining and shopping outlets and a mosque located on the roof of the car park. Taxis outside of the airport provide the only ground transportation options aside from car hire or free hotel shuttles.
Bus: International bus companies operate services to Saudi Arabia from Jordan, Qatar, Bahrain, Syria, Turkey, Egypt and the United Arab Emirates.
Car: Saudi Arabia can be accessed over land from neighbouring Jordan with a route available between Amman and Damman, Jeddah and Medina. Routes are also available from Bahrain, Yemen, Qatar, Kuwait and the United Arab Emirates.
Air:Saudi Arabia has three major airports; King Fahd International Airport serving the Damman region, King Abdulaziz International Airport serving Jeddah and King Khalid International Airport serving Riyadh. Domestic flights are available between the three airports with services operated daily by national carrier Saudi Arabian Airlines. There are also daily flights operated by Arabian Express between Riyadh and Jeddah, with a journey time just over one hour and between Riyadh and Dhahran, with a journey time just under an hour.
Rail: The Saudi Railways Organisation (www.saudirailways.org) operates rail services across the length of the country with the 570km long Riyadh to Dammam line comprising the main route. Along the route, destinations such as Dhahran, Abqaiq, Hofuf, Harad and Al Kharj are served with air-conditioned trains providing regular services throughout the week.
Bus: Bus services are provided by SAPTCO and serve the country's major cities as well as some of its more remote areas. Vehicles are air-conditioned and have a separate screened-off section for female passengers.
Car: Visitors are permitted to hire vehicles in Saudi Arabia however women are strictly forbidden from driving, so unless there are male members of your party, you will not be able to take advantage of this right. Traffic drives on the right side of the road and highways along major routes are of a generally high standard. Visitors should be warned to drive with extreme caution as the locals have a tendency to drive somewhat erratically.
Taxi: Taxis can be found in all of the country's major cities; however fares can be extortionately high regardless of whether you agree a price or use the meter. If you are staying in a reputable hotel, then it is wise to ask for a taxi at reception as most have deals with local operators and you will be assured of reliable service if nothing else.
Sea: The only destinations served by water transportation are Duba and Hurghada. Ferries operate twice a day on Sundays, Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Fridays.